GORDION

GORDION MUSEUM

Established near a small Village having a population of 500 known as Yassıhöyük in 1963. Today there is a chronological exhibition in Gordian Museum and every period is represented with characteristic examples. In three exhibition windows there are works of Antique Bronze Age and these are followed by the works of Previous Phrygia Period which was ended with the King Midas. The works that are exhibited include; handmade pots and pans belonging to the previous Steel Age, steel equipments belonging to the Previous Phyrigia Period, and equipments of textile production. In the new exhibition gallery, a typical structure of ruined layers dated 700 B.C. within a panoramic window. Greek ceramics imported in the ages 6 B.C.-4 A.C. and materials belonging to the Hellenistic Age and Roman periods are exhibited in the other parts of the new gallery. The visitors shall be able to see the examples of seals and coins that were found in Gordian in the last section.

The Development of the Museum

The increase in the number of the visitors of Gordian Museum in the last years, has led to new arrangements to be made. Within these studies, the main structures shall be listed as the 180 m2 storing building, 150 m2 additional exhibition gallery, 30 m2 laboratory, 35 m2 gallery of visual information and 5000 m2 open exhibition area.

The area that has been recently digged has been afforested with the saplings that the Phyrigians used in their furnishings such as cedar, scented juniper, boxwood, yellow pine, walnut and yew tress.

The Roman Mosaic and the Galat Tomb that have been transferred to this new area, shall be considered as a part of the studies made.

Phrygian Monumental Tombs      

The Gordian region is surrounded with different sized monumental tombs dated from the last quarter of 8 B.C. to the Middle of 6th B.C. Monumental tombs are the tombs of the nobles and leading people of Phyrigia. The monumental tomb known as the Midas Monumental Tomb a 300 m. diameter and 55 m. height, has a magnificent appearance. The excavation of Midas Monumental tomb was made in 1957 and was presented to public in 1960 with the completion of the construction of concrete support by the excellent Turkish engineering.

Kayabaşı mosaic

The Roman Period mosaic dated III. A.C. which was found out during digging a base in the village of Kayabaşı of Polatlı 1989, was informed by the owner of the building to the Museum of Anatolion civilizations and its excavations were completed within the year. The mosaic that couldn’t be carried because of the lack of space, was carried successfully to the garden of Gordian Museum in 1999, and was also mounted within a half closed place. There are animal motives in the center of the mosaic and geometric ornamentation around the mosaic having the size of 6,60x7,70 m. Conservation and restoration studies continues.

The galat tomb “Monumental Tomb O”

The tomb which was found out with on unlicensed excavation in 1954, was called by Gordian Excavation Group then as the “O” Monumental Tomb. The monument was exposed to the destruction of human beings and nature at the and of the half century that has passed. The monumental works was saved from disappearance with the intervention of the Ministry of Culture. The stone blocks whose drawing have been made by museum experts and which were numbered, were transferred to the new garden of Gordian Museum. The tomb which will be built again in a near future, will be presented to the sight of humanity.

The settlement of Antique Gordian

The capital of the Kingdom of Phrygia, the ruins of the famous city of Gordian; are near the Ankara. Eskişehir road and in the place where Sangorios and Porsuk rivers verge on and in the 18 km northwest of Polatlı. The finding that were found out during German and American excavations and that were introduced in different publishing, makes the history of the settlement go back to the Previous Bronze Age (3000 B.C.). Although Gordian has been destroyed by Kimmers in the beginning of 7 B.C., they had lived their most successful period between 750-700 B.C. Many founding and the monumental toms in the settlement prove the occupation that had lasted until the end of the 6th century. But Gordian had been directed by Persians (beginning from the middle of 6 B.C.) until Alexander the Great restored the city and they were given their independence back.

The famous knot tied by King Gordian was cut by Alexander the Great in Gordian where he stayed during the winter in 333 B.C

The Hellenistic Period started in Gordian after the conquest of the city by Alexander the Great (300-100 B.C.). Then the Roman Period (1 B.C. – 4 B.C.) and the Seljuk period (11-13 A.C.) started. All of these happened in Gordian in a short period of more than 400 years.

GORDION MUSEUM

1.  Exhibition gallery
2.  New-Exhibition gallery
3.  Phyrigian Mosaic
4.  Administration Bureau
5.  W.C.
6.  Storage
7.  Laboratory
8.  Roman Mosaic
9.  Galat Tomb
10. House (Residence)
11. House (Residence)